Andrew the Apostle was born in Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee. Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist, who led him to follow Jesus. He was among the fishermen that Jesus told that he would "make fishers of men".
After the death and resurrection of Christ, Andrew became a missionary. He preached in Asia Minor, Ukraine, Romania, and Russia.
Andrew was crucified at Patras in Achaea. Tradition states that he was bound to an X-shaped cross. This was done at his request because he did not think he was worthy to be crucified in the same manner as Jesus. This later became known as the St. Andrew's Cross.
There are several legends about how St. Andrew became the patron saint of Scotland. One tradition states that the monk Regulus was visited by an angel who commanded him to take the relics of St. Andrew from Constantinople to the land of the Picts. There he met a King of the Picts and founded a church at modern day St. Andrews (previously Kilrymont). Another legend is that during a battle at modern day Athelstaneford, King Angus Mac Fergus saw a cloud shaped like a saltire against a blue sky. He declared that St. Andrew was watching over them and that if they won the battle, he would make St. Andrew their patron saint. This is the story behind the use of the Saltire, the national flag of Scotland.
St. Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, Ukraine, Russia, Sicily, Greece, Romania, the Philippines, Amalfi, Malta, and the former Prussia.
St. Andrew is also the patron saint of the Army Rangers, mariners, fishermen, fishmongers, rope-makers, singers, golfers, and performers.
St. Andrews Day is celebrated on November 30th and is the National Day of Scotland.